Volume 8, Issue 2, December 2020, Page: 26-34
Large Mammals Diversity Assessment in Chilalo-Galema National Park, Ethiopia
Girma Lema, Biology Department, Dera Senior Secondary School, Dera, Ethiopia
Mesele Admassu, Biology Department, Adama Science and Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia
Received: Nov. 27, 2019;       Accepted: Dec. 18, 2019;       Published: Sep. 24, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ejb.20200802.13      View  185      Downloads  48
A study on the assessment of species diversity of large mammals was conducted in Chilalo Galema Mountain in east Arsi administrative zone from February 2019 to September 2019. The aim of this study was to assess large mammalian species diversity and human-wildlife conflict in Chilalo-Galema Mountain National Park. Line transects and observation methods were used to collect data. Twenty six transect lines were laid, varied in length from 1.41km to 4.34km. Transect width ranged from 200m to 400m. In this study both primary and secondary data were used. Direct observation, body parts, vocalization and indirect evidences such as footprints, burrowing and droppings were used to collect data on diversity of large mammals. Observation and direct count of animals were made during 6:00-10:00 a.m. in the morning and 3:00-6:00 p.m. in the late afternoon when most mammals were active. Species diversity of large mammals was calculated using the Shannon-Weaver index of diversity. The evenness of mammalian species was calculated as J=H’/H’max where H’max=ln(s). 28 species that belong to seven Orders (Primates, Artiodactyla, Carnivora, Hyracoidea, Tubulidentata, Rodentia and Lagomorpha) were identified and recorded during the study. Out of the 252 recorded mammals 26 (10.08%) were order primates, 50 (19.38%) were order carnivora, 1 (0.39%) were order hyracoidea, 6 (2.33%) were order tubulidentata, 164 (63.57%) were artiodactyla, 8 (3.10%) were rodentia and 2 (0.78%) were lagomorpha. Mammalian fauna of the Chilalo Galema Mountain was dominated by two groups of orders, the most abundant orders; namely, order artiodactyla and order carnivora, which contain 164 (63.57%) and 50 (19.38%) mammals respectively. The least abundant was order hyracoidean with 1 (0.39%) recorded mammal. So, Chilalo-Galema is rich in mammalian species diversity and needs conservation measures.
Abundance, Assessment, Chilalo-Galema, Large Mammals, Species Diversity
To cite this article
Girma Lema, Mesele Admassu, Large Mammals Diversity Assessment in Chilalo-Galema National Park, Ethiopia, European Journal of Biophysics. Vol. 8, No. 2, 2020, pp. 26-34. doi: 10.11648/j.ejb.20200802.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Kingdom, J., (1971). East Africa Mountains: An Atlas of Evolution in Africa. Vol. I. Academic Press, London, 242 PP.
Yalden, D. W., Largen, M. J. and Kock, D. (1992). Catalogue of the mammals of Ethiopia. Primate Monit. Zool. (NS) Suppl. 9: 1-52.
Mesele Admassu, Yosef Mamo and Afework Bekele (2011). Damage caused by large mammals in Wonji shoa Sugar cane plantation, Ethiopia, J. Agri. Biol. Sci., 2 (6): 151-157.
Hillman, J. C. (1993). Ethiopia: Compendium of Wildlife Conservation Information. New York Zoological Society and Ethiopian Wildlife Conservation Organization, Addis Ababa PP. 1-18.
Tekalign, W. (2006). Distribution, population status and feeding behavior of oribi (Ourebia ourebi) in Senkelle Swayne’s Hartebeest Sanctuary (SSHS).
Yosef Mamo, Afework Bekele & Girma Mengesha (2012 a). Habitat use of mountain Nyla (Tragelaphus buxtoni, Lyddeker, 1911) in the Bale Mountains National Park. Ethiopia. Int. J. Biodivers Conserv. 4: 642–651.
Idris, A. B., Gonzaga, A. D., Zaneedarwaty, N. N., Hasnah, B. T. and Natasha, B. Y. (2001). Does habitat disturbance has adverse effect on the diversity of parasitoid community? J. Biol. Sci., 1: 1040-104.
Maan, M. A. and Chaudhry, A. A. (2001). Wildlife Diversity in the Punjab (Pakistan). J. Bioloical Sci., 1: 417-420.
Gabol, K., Mehmood, K,, Yasmin, N,, Tariq, R. M, and Tabassum, R. (2005). Distribution, status of migratory and resident waterfowls of Drigh lake (Sindh) wildlife sanctuary. Int. J. Zool. Res., 1: 37-40.
Gundogdu, E. (2011). Population size, structure and behaviors of wild goat in cehennemdere wildlife improvement area. Asian J. Anim. Vet. Adv, 6: 555-563.
Evangelista, P., Swartzinski, P. and Waltermire, R, (2007). A profile of the mountain Nyala (Traglaphus buxtoni). Retrieved from www.Africanindaba Accessed on December, 20, 2018, pp: 46.
IUCN (1996). IUCN Red List of threatened Animals, IUCN. Gland, Switzerland.
Purvis, A., Gittleman, J. L., Cowlishaw and G., Mace, G. M. (2000). Predicting extinction risk in declining species. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 267, 1947-1952. Promislow, D. E. L. 1993 On size and survival: progress and pitfalls in the allometry of life span. J. Gerontol. 48, B115-B123. (doi: 10.1093/geronj/48.4.B115).
Cardillo, M., Mace, G. M., Jones, K. E., Bielby, J., Bininda-Emonds, O. R. P., Sechrest, W., Orme, C. D. L. and Purvis, A. (2005). Multiple Causes of High Extinction Risk in Large Mammal Species. Scien press. www.sciencexpress.org/pp.
Gottelli, D. and Sillero-Zubiri, C. (1992). The Ethiopian wolf, an endangered endemic canid. Oryx. 26: 2005–214.
Malcolm, J. R. and Sillero-Zubiri, C. (1997). The Ethiopian wolf; Distribution and population status. In: The Ethiopian wolf Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan, 12- 25 pp, (Sillero-Zubiri, C. Macdonald D. W. eds). IUCN, Gland and Cambridge.
Alemayehu Mengistu (1975). Grassland Condition in the Chilalo Awraja, Ethiopia. CADU Publications, No. 112, Asella, 25 pp.
APEDO and ABRDP (2004). Atlas of Arsi Zone. APEDO (Arsi Zone Planning and Economic Development Office) and ABRDP (Arsi–Bale Rural Development Project), Asella, 35 pp.
Yimer, D. (2008). Mammalian diversity in Mazie National Park, Ethiopia. M.Sc. Thesis, Addis Ababa University.
Norton-Griffiths, M. (1978). Counting Animals. 2nd ed. Serengeti Monitoring Programme. African Wildlife Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya.
Seber, G. A. F. (1982). The Estimation of Animal Abundance and Related Parameters. 2nd ed. MacMillan, New York.
Alden, P. E., Estes, R. D., Schlitter, D. and McBride, B. (1995). Field Guide to African Wildlife. Alfred, A. Knopf, Inc. New York, 443–633.
Lee, M. E., Alonso, A., Dallmeier, F. P., Cambell and Pauwels, O. S. G. (2006). The Gambian complex of protected areas: An illustration of Gabon’s biodiversity. In: Gamba, Gabon: Biodiversity of an Equatorial African Rainforest, 417_423 pp, (Alonso, A., Lee, M. E. Cambell, P., Pauwels, O. S. G. and Dallmeier, F., eds.). Washington: Bulletin of the biological society No. 12.
Ofori, B. Y., Attuquayefio, D. K. and Owusu, E. H. (2012). Ecological status of large mammals of a moist semi-deciduous forest of Ghana: implications for wildlife conservation. J. Biodiver. Enviro. Sci. 2: 28-37.
Shannon. G. E. and Weaver. W. (1949). The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Chicago: University of Illinois Press.
Flower. J. and Coher. L. O. (1990) Practical Statistics for Field Biology. Chi Chester: John Wiley and Sons.
Njoroge, P., Yego, R., Muchane, M., Githiru, M., Njeri, T. and Giani, A. (2009). A survey of the large and medium sized mammals of Arawale national reserve, Kenya. J. East Afr. Nat. History 98: 119-128.
Bene, J. K., Bitty, E. A., Bohoussou, K. H., Abedilartey, M., Gamys, J. and Soribah, P.A.J. (2013). Current conservation status of large mammals in Sime Darby oil palm concession in Liberia. Global Institute for Research & Education. 2: 93-102.
Zerhun Girma., Yosef Mamo and Mateos Ersado (2012). Species composition, distribution and Relative abundance of large mammals in and around Wondo Genet Forest Patch, Southern Ethiopia. Asian J. Appl. Sci. 5: 538-551.
Afework Bekele and Leirs, H. (1997). Population ecology of rodents of maize field and grassland in central Ethiopia. J. Belg. Zool. 127: 39-48.
Aramde Fetene., Girma Mengesha and Tsegaye Bbekele (2011). Spatial distribution and habitat preferences of selected large mammalian species in the NechSar National Park (NSNP), Ethiopia. Nature Sci. 9: 80-90.
Yalden, D. W. and Largen, M. J. (1976). Endemic mammals of Ethiopia. Mamm. Rev. 22: 115-150.
Sillero-Zubiri, C. (1996). Records of Honey Badger Mellivora capensis in Afroalpine habitats, above 4,000 m. Mammalia, 60: 323-325.
Yalden, D. W.; Largen, M. J. & Kock, D. (1986). Catalogue of the mammals of Ethiopia 6. Perissodactyla, proboscidea, hyracoidea, lagomorpha, tubulidentata, sirenia and cetacea. Monitore Zoologico Italiano, n.s. supplemento XXI, 4: 31-103.
Browse journals by subject